Until the sun’s allergy occurs, the most common occurrence is when the first dikrect exposure to the sun after winter occurs on parts of the body that are not protected by clothing (face, neck, arms).
In the case of allergy to the sun, in the case of other types of allergies, there is no reaction with an allergen, but an immunological reaction to changes that occur on the skin after sunbathing.
Allergy to the sun leads to changes in the skin caused by the effect of UV light on the skin. The appearance of small blisters, nipples, the skin is very red, rough, tight, itchy and creates an unpleasant sensation.
These symptoms occur several hours after sunbathing and can last from a few days to a few weeks.
More and more people suffer from this kind of allergy, about 20% of the total population. Many people do not know that they have an allergy because they consider their mild form of this disease a normal skin reaction to the sun (“I’m a little burnt out”).
There are various types of allergies to the sun:
Photoallergic reaction is a slow-motion immunological reaction. Allergen comes to the skin and creates a photoergic contact eczema. Sometimes medication may be the cause of this type of allergy (Dovicin).
A phototoxic reaction occurs by direct contact with photosensitized substances and simultaneous exposure to sun rays. For example. contact with plants containing psoralen (lemon) and sunbathing.
Idiopathic light dermatosis: there are two types: polymorphic light dermatosis: a frequent chronic reaction of light intolerance caused by UVA rays (a rash looks like a sting of an insect) and a very rare solar urticaria.
If it is a chronic illness, a dermatologist can conduct phototherapy (before the sunny day) to prepare the skin for the sun.
Preparations with beta-carotene, which should be taken in the early spring, prepare the skin from the inside to the sun, thus preventing or alleviating the strong reactions of the skin to the sun.
In severe itching and severe allergy, acute antihistamines can be used to alleviate symptoms (but not cure the disease itself).
Tips: sun allergy
Nourish the skin with preparations that match your skin type. Care should be as “lighter” as spray or gel. Premature creams do not allow the skin to breathe, so symptoms may get worse.
When choosing protection from the sun, a photostable UV filter with strong UV radiation is necessary, as they are the reason for the formation of 75% of allergies to the sun.
Be sure to visit the dermatologist and do not directly expose it to the sun, especially between 11 am and 5 pm.
The clothes should be made of natural materials, light and possibly covering as many bodies as possible, do not forget to grease the uncovered parts of the body with cream and put a cap on the head.